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MDG+SDG Research

Posted by [email protected] on July 26, 2015 at 9:20 AM

The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are the eight international development goals that were established following the Millennium Summit of the United Nations in 2000, following the adoption of the United Nations Millennium Declaration. All 189 United Nations member states at the time (there are 193 currently), and at least 23 international organizations, committed to help achieve the following Millennium Development Goals by 2015:


1. To eradicate extreme poverty and hunger


2. To achieve universal primary education


3. To promote gender equality


4. To reduce child mortality


5. To improve maternal health


6. To combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases


7. To ensure environmental sustainability


8. To develop a global partnership for development



The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are a proposed set of targets relating to future international development. They are to replace the Millennium Development Goals once they expire at the end of 2015. The SDGs were first formally discussed at the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development held in Rio de Janeiro in June 2012 (Rio+20).


As of March 2015, there were 169 proposed targets for these goals and 304 proposed indicators to show compliance, but there were 17 proposed goals in total:


1. End poverty in all its forms everywhere


2. End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture


3. Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages


4. Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all


5. Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls


6. Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all


7. Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all


8. Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all


9. Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation


10. Reduce inequality within and among countries


11. Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable


12. Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns


13. Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts


14. Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development


15. Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss


16. Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels


17. Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development

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