Honorable Chair and fellow delegates, Vietnam does not hope for space to be militarized. The early exploration of space in the mid-20th century had, in part, a military motivation. The United States and the Soviet Union used such motivation as an opportunity to demonstrate the ballistic missile technology and other technologies that had the potential for military application. Outer space has since been used as an operating location for military spacecraft, such as imaging and communications satellites, and some ballistic missiles pass through outer space during their flight. As yet, however, weapons have not been stationed in space, with the exception of the Almaz space station and small handguns carried by Russian cosmonauts.
Vietnam had experienced several accidents caused by missiles or spaceships from outer space. Just this January, in the second week, there were three metallic balls and debris fallen onto northern Vietnam. Vietnamese officials commented that those objects appear to be compressed air tanks from a Russian aerospace vehicle, with some speculation that they may be from a failed satellite launch. Although it was not explosive, this wasn't the first time that mysterious metal spheres have plummeted to earth and caused confusion. Also, in November last year, Spanish officials reported that similar spheres plunged into a field in the southern part of their country. These incidents demonstrate that a mere mistake from another country have a detrimental effect both physically and economically. For these reasons, Vietnam does not hope for the militarization of space.
It is known the percentage of a spacecraft to succeed its launch is about 94%. This delegate would like to prove that in that 6 percent of potential to fail, or just one accident can occur many debris flying in the orbit. If space militarization is allowed in this global society, the possibility of countries�?? spaceships being harmed will increase significantly. In 2009, there has been the first collision among satellites crashing into each other by the USA and Russia. Russia�??s military satellite had been deactivating since 1995, but USA�??s communication satellite had been successfully activating. As they collided with high speed, more than 2,000 large debris fragments resulting from this collision were detected. This incident was one of the main reasons of debris suddenly increased these centuries.
More than the solution, this delegate of Vietnam has many questions to ask when this policy passes. Firstly, this delegate would like for countries that are proposing space militarization to be responsible of the space debris that will be created. If many countries launch a lot of militarized spaceships at the same time, then somehow, when those spaceships are not used and passes its term of validity, it all becomes space debris, so this delegate hopes for others to talk about the responsibility.
So the first solution that this delegate has made is that UN can monitor the spaceship that countries are going to lauch. When a country launches a militarized spaceship, that country would be required to register the spaceship to the UN about it, so that the UN can monitor the spaceship�??s basic description. And the country would be required to pay an amount of money to the UN to pay the compensation payment for the innocent victim countries. This work is to prevent any problems within countries for peace, and to let the launchings to happen thoroughly.
The second solution for this agenda is to limit the number of launching military spaceships. While developed nations are shooting many spaceships, under-developed countries can not be able to launch any. Through this, this delegate believes that it is the UN�??s role to minimize and decrease this discrepancy. If this freedom of choice of developed countries are limited, the developing nations can have a opportunity to develop a step further into the future. This does not mean that it will discriminate the developed nations. It just means that since developed nations have developed in this technology, they should go a step back to help other nations to develop and consider them. If developed nations want more freedom to launch than the limitation, this delegate would recommend them to ask for other countries�?? cooperation for this.
Although Vietnam had its first success in launching its communications satellite in 2008, Vietnam believes that the global community can thoroughly solve this problem, not just for its own country�??s profit, but also for the world�??s peace. Space can be very helpful, but if countries use it in an unproductive purpose, space can be very harmful, so this delegate of Vietnam suggests for countries to try their best for an effective resolution. Thank you.