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Country research---South Africa

Posted by LEE JUNE MO on August 5, 2015 at 9:40 AM

 

Getting to know your country

Handout D: Getting to Know your Country

Government

Official country name: Republic of South Africa

Governmental system: Unitary constitutional parliamentary republic (단일 국가 의원 내각제 가미 대통령제 공화국;)

Head of state: President Jacob ZUMA

Official languages: IsiZulu (official) 22.7%, IsiXhosa (official) 16%, Afrikaans (official) 13.5%, English (official) 9.6%, Sepedi (official) 9.1%, Setswana (official) 8%, Sesotho (official) 7.6%, Xitsonga (official) 4.5%, siSwati (official) 2.5%, Tshivenda (official) 2.4%, isiNdebele (official) 2.1%, sign language 0.5%, other 1.6% (2011 est.)

Region: Southern Africa

Allies or blocs: Allies: US, UK, China, Japan, EU

Blocs: SADC, African Union, NEPAD, Pan-African Parliament, AASROC, IBSA, BRICs,

 

People

Population and growth rate: 53,675,563 / 1.33% (2015 est.)

Major religions or cultures: Protestant 36.6% (Zionist Christian 11.1%, Pentecostal/Charismatic 8.2%, Methodist 6.8%, Dutch Reformed 6.7%, Anglican 3.8%), Catholic 7.1%, Muslim 1.5%, other Christian 36%, other 2.3%, unspecified 1.4%, none 15.1% (2001 census)

Standard of living: Normal

 

Development

Development status: Normal

Climate : semiarid climate(반건조 기후;)

Environment(problems, innovations, etc) : lack of important arterial rivers or lakes requires extensive water conservation and control measures, growth in water usage outpacing supply, pollution of rivers from agricultural runoff and urban discharge, air pollution resulting in acid rain; soil erosion, desertification

Has this nation met the Millennium Development Goal targets? They succeed the eighth goal (8.To develop a global partnership for development)

 

Economy

Economic system: The market Economy

GDP and growth rate: $350.1 billion (2014 est.) / 1.5% (2014 est.)

Major cities: Pretoria (administrative capital); Cape Town (legislative capital); Bloemfontein (judicial capital)

Johannesburg(Largest City)

Infrastructure status(good, poor, etc): Normal

Trade blocs/associations: Blocs{ $ bloc }

Associations: SADC, NEPAD, etc

Balance of payments/trade: -$19.06 billion (2014 est.)

Major exports/imports

Exports: gold, diamonds, platinum, other metals and minerals, machinery and equipment

Imports: machinery and equipment, chemicals, petroleum products, scientific instruments, foodstuffs

Major trade partners

China, Germany, Saudi Arabia, US, India, Japan

International monetary Fund, World bank positions

(debtor nation? donor nation?)

debtor nation - $143 billion (31 December 2014 est.)

Natural resources

gold, chromium, antimony, coal, iron ore, manganese, nickel, phosphates, tin, rare earth elements, uranium, gem diamonds, platinum, copper, vanadium, salt, natural gas

Energy sources

from fossil fuels: 90.4%

from nuclear fuels: 4.4%

from hydroelectric plants: 4.5%

from other renewable sources: 0.7%

Military

Military organization: South African National Defense Force

Percent of GDP spent of defense: 1.2% of GDP (2014)

Major weapons, nuclear capability, etc

conventional weapons

 

 

 

Getting to know your country

United Nations

Date admitted to UN: 7th of 11, 1945

UN des payment status: 0.372%

Has the Un ever intervened in a conflict involving this nation? If so, where and how?

Yes, Because of the apartheid.

How does the country contribute to UN peacekeeping?

They sen their army to contribute to UN peacekeeping

Has the UN cited this nation for human rights violations?

If so, why?

Yes, Because of the apartheid

What do you think this nation's position on the topic of debate will be? Why?

N/A

Try to find at least one recent article that is about or makes reference to this nation (preferably from the past two weeks).

South Africa's police boss Phiyega disputes Marikana massacre report

http://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-33679481

 

 

Conflicts/Issues

What are four problems that affect this nation?

desertification

racial discrimination

spreading of AIDS/HIV

many refugees

Ethnic/cultural issues, If any

racial discrimination

Refugee problems

40,133 (Somalia); 30,125 (Democratic Republic of Congo); 18,830 (Ethiopia); 6,217 (Zimbabwe); 6,035 (Republic of Congo) (2014)

Major conflicts both past and present

spreading of AIDS/HIV

 

 

 

 

Categories: June

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