|Posted by Ian on July 15, 2015 at 8:30 AM|
The name “United Nations” coined by US president Roosevelt was first used the declaration by United Nations of 1942 during the World War II.
The UN is an international organization founded in 1942. It is currently made of 193 Member States. The mission and job of the UN are leaded by the purpose and principles contained in its founding charter. Due to the powers vested in its Charter and its unique international character, the UN can take actions on issues confronting humanity in the 21st century, such as peace and security, climate change, sustainable development, human rights, disbarment, terrorism, humanitarians and health emergencies, gender equality, governance, food production, and etc. The UN also provides forum for its members to express their views in the General Assembly, the Security Council, the Economic and Social Council, and other bodies and committees. By enabling dialogue between its members, and by hosting negotiations, the Organization has become a mechanism for government to find areas of agreement and solve problems together.
The General Assembly is the main deliberative, policymaking and representative organ of UN. All 193 Member States of the UN are represented in the General Assembly, making it only UN body with universal representation.
The Security Council has primary responsibility, under the UN Charter, for the maintenance of international peace and security. It has 15 Members (5 permanent and 10 non-permanent members.)