PCL MUN

PCL Model United Nations

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여기에는 PCL MUN 전체가 볼수 있도록 알릴 사항들을 올리는 페이지입니다. 많이 많이 올려주세요~^^

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No. 20

Posted by Ian on August 24, 2015 at 6:40 AM Comments comments (0)

If you could choose any bedtime you wanted for the next year, what time would you pick?

 

I mostly sleep at about 10:30, and I chose that time because most of my friends sleep about that time. Also my parent wanted me to sleep at 10:30. But sometimes I sleep at about 00:00 because when I start reading I can’t stop it. My parent doesn’t like me when I do that. But I can’t help it. But it is just that they don’t like me going to bed lately but they like me having fun reading books. All members of our family like reading books and that includes me, but these days kids don’t like reading books. They even think reading books too much is not normal. In Singapore, reading books in the library was very normal and the library was always busy but Korea’s school library it is so quiet. So I sleep kind of late when I read books.

I think I would choose 11 o’clock PM for bed time. Bed time doesn’t mean you have to sleep at the time exactly. For example I can also sleep a 5 o’clock if I want if I choose 11 o’clock. Anyway the reason why I chose that time is because I can read books more than before. I also like playing with my dad, and mostly my dad comes late after work. So I want to play with dad before sleeping or maybe sleep together with my dad so I want to sleep a little bit more lately. I get insomnia for instance after doing MUN because of the blue-light from the computer. So I need some time. If I can choose my bedtime next year, than I would choose 11.

 


When did you get yourself in the biggest mess by telling a lie? What do you think would have happened if you�??d told the truth?

Posted by Chelsea on August 22, 2015 at 11:50 AM Comments comments (0)

When did you get yourself in the biggest mess by telling a lie? What do you think would have happened if you’d told the truth?

 

The biggest mess I made by telling a lie is when I said I passed the vocab test. I actually didn’t pass but I didn’t want to upset my mom and dad so I constrainedly lied. The moment the letter came from my collage that I didn’t pass, I almost died. I had been hit by my mom by a stick. I cried for about an hour. I cried, I wept. If I didn’t lie, I wouldn’t be hit and I didn’t have to cri and I wouldn’t have to have a horrible time. I really regret about that lie.

 

summary

Posted by Ji woo on August 22, 2015 at 10:55 AM Comments comments (0)

 

Hydroelectric Power

 

Water is widely used to produce electricity water from the lake released through the bottom of dam. It called turbines.

Electricity made at dams is called hydroelectric power. Hydroelectric dams produce about 20 percent of the world's electricity.

 

Solar energy

 

Sunlight carries huge amounts of energy. Particles in the solar cell move faster, and the movement of these particles creates electricity. New ways to capture this energy are being developed all the time to maximize efficiency. There are two main problems with solar cells. One is that they are very expensive to manufacture.

The second problem is that not all areas of the world get abundant sunlight.

Some peole believe the look of the solar systems will decrease the values of their homes

 

Nuclear Power

 

Nuclear power plants unlock the energy inside atoms to generate electricity.

The energy released by breaking apart uranium atoms is used to heat water into steam. one kilogram of uranium can produce more energy than 3 million kilograms of coal. Many people oppose nuclear power because of its dangers. One danger is the possibility of an accident. A second danger is the waste material nuclear power plants produce. It remains dangerous for thousands of years.L

Looking to the future

 

In years to come, we will have to find substitutes for oil.

Hydroelectric power may also be replaced, too.

The use of solar energy will probably continue to grow.

Energy experts also say that more nuclear power plants will have to be built to meet growing energy needs.

Wind turbines generate electricity when their blades turn in the wind.

Two things are certain. We need energy, and the fossil fuels that supply most of our energy will not last forever.Each new source of energy will have its pros and cons. Goverments ,business,and environmentalists will continue to debate which energy sources are best while our need for energy continues to grow.

�?�?��??�?�(United Nations Development)

Posted by Ji woo on August 22, 2015 at 10:50 AM Comments comments (0)

The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) is UNDP는 이다.

a programme and fund of the United Nations UN의 프로그램과 펀드

which reports directly to ~에게 직접 보고하는

the Economic and Social Council and the UN General Assembly. ESC와 GA에

 

It's the main UN body 그것은 UN의 중요한 body이다.

that works in the area of development. 개발의 분야에서 일하는.

 

It was formed in 1965, and 이것은 1955에 만들어졌고, 본사는 its headquarter is in New York City. 뉴욕시에 있습니다.

 

 

The UNDP promotes development UNDP는 빈곤을 줄이기 위해 177개의 국가

in 177 countries by working 들이 개발을 촉진한다.

to reduce poverty,

support democratic governance, 민주주의 통치를 지원

increase crisis prevention and recovery, 문제 해결과 회복 증가

promote sustainable development, 지속가능한 개발을 촉진

and achieve international development goals like the MDGs. 새천년 개발 목표와 같은 국제적 개발을 달성.

 

In 2010, 2010년에

the United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon un 반기문 사무총장은

launched a new initiative, “Sustainable Energy for All,” 인터뷰에서 지속가능한 에너지는 모두를 위한 것 입니다.

to mobilize urgent global action 긴급한 세계적인 행동을 했다.

through the UN General Assembly resolution 65/151. un 총회에서 151개의 나라 중 65개의 나라가 찬성했다.

 

The initiatives gathers 새로운 계획을 수집하여

the whole global community and the society 모든 세계적인 커뮤니티와 사회가

to support three interlinked goals: 3개의 목표를 도울 것이다.

- ensure universal access to modern energy service

현대적인 에너지 서비스에 보편적 접근을 보장

- double the rate of improvement in energy efficiency

에너지 효율 향상 속도를 2 배로 한다.

- double the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix

공유한다 회복할 수 있는 에너지를 세계적인 에너지와 석어서 두배로

Sustainable Energy tackles

지속 가능한 에너지를 다루다

the usage of energy wisely and

에너지 사용을 현명하게

through clean sources and technologies.

청정 소스와 기술로.

 

It involves with the energy efficiency measures.

이것은 에너지 효율 대책에 포함한다.

In the past, 과거에

sustainable energy used to be 지속가능한 에너지가 쓰이는 곳은

thought of simply in the terms of the availability

with respect to the rate of use.

단순히 유용성과 사용의 측면에서

But today, 하지만 오늘날.

without any particular part of the world, 세계에서 특정한 부분 없이

sustainable development includes 지속가능한 개발을 포함하다

the concerns of environmental side effects and future impact. 환경적 부작용과 미래 영향에 관한 것.

UNDP's Administrator, UNDP의 관리자와 뉴질랜드의 전 총리인

and Former Prime Minister of New Zealand,

Mrs. Helen Clark, Helen Clark씨가

described

how the access to basic energy can transform many lives

in all countries of the world. 세계의 모든 국가에서 기본적인 에너지가 어떻게 변환할 수 있는지를 설명했다

Energy is essential to 에너지는 지속가능한 개발과 빈곤 감소에 대한

the sustainable development and 노력에 필수적이다.

the poverty reduction efforts.

 

It affects all aspects 그것은 모든 측면에 영향을 미치는

of social, economic, and environmental development - 사회, 경제 , 환경개발

including livelihoods, 생계를 포함하고 물에 접근한다.

access to water,

agricultural productivity, 농업 생산성

health, 건강

population levels, 인구 수준

education, and 교육

even gender-related issues. 성관련 문제

 

The inequality of energy consumption

is growing bigger and bigger.

에너지 소비의 불균형은 더 증가해지고 있다.

The gap between rich country and poor country are very blg.

부자 나라와 가난한 나라의 거리는 매우 크다

20% of the world’s richest countries use 86% of energy. 20%의 세계적인 부자 나라들은 86%의 에너지를 사용합니다

20% of world poorest countries only use 1.3% 20%의 가난한 나라는 1.3% 밖에 사용하지 않습니다.

or maybe less energy. 아마도 에너지가 줄었을지도

 

narrowing the gaps between rich and poor countries

if maintained, 부자나라와 가난한 나라의 거리를 좁히는 경우

could be the cause of violent conflict, 폭력적인 갈등이 될거다.

which (by its very nature) leads to

regression rather than development. 복귀 보다는 개발

 

None of the eight MDGs can be met

without the major improvement

in the quality of energy services

in developing countries.

여덟개의 새천년 개발 목표 는 예방 없이는 충족하지 못한다. 안에 개발도상국들이 에너지 서비스 품질

She also said, 그녀는 말한다.

“The UNDP's recent efforts UNDP의 최근 노력들은

in energy for sustainable development 지속 가능한 발전을 도와주는 것

support the achievement of

(1) Universal access to modern energy for the poor, and 전세계의 현대 에너지를 개발도상국들에게 접근하는 것

(2) Enhanced quality, security and the ability to be afforded modern energy.”

향상된 품질, 보안 및 능력은 현대적인 에너지를 여유있게 재능있게 한다.

 

UNDP’s mission helps developing countries

to expand the access to

reliable and modern sources of energy

in order to reduce poverty and

to improve the health of their citizens.

UNDP의 미션은 개발도상국들을 안정적이고 현대적인 에너지를 접근하게 하고 빈곤 줄이기 그리고 국민들의 건강 향상

 

But at the same time, 하지만 같은 시간에

they are 그들은

promoting economic growth and

lessening climate changes.

경제 성장을 촉진하고 기후 변화를 줄인다.

Investing in

clean, efficient, affordable, and reliable energy systems

is important

for a comfortable, environmentally sustainable future.

깨끗하고 효율적이고 저렴하고 그리고 안정적인 에너지 시스템은 중요하다 편안함과 경제적인 미래를 위해서

Title: What un have to do for global access to fair electricity service?

Posted by Ji woo on August 22, 2015 at 10:45 AM Comments comments (0)

Title: What un have to do for global access to fair electricity service?

 

 

World electricity supply problem is that gap between rich countries and poor countries. Because, first, 20% of the world’s richest countries use 86% of energy but 20% of world poorest countries only use 1.3% or maybe less energy.

Second, 2011, United Nation's developed plan's multidimensional Poverty Index

16 hundreds mililon and 5000 population in the poverty. so we didn't solve poverty problems. and we should solve poverty problems and world electricity supply.

Third, United Nations security general said " Developing countries are increasingly sources of global ecoonomic growth." "The wealth gap is growing" and we don't solve energy supply problems became, the developing countries don't develop and It is bad to global economy.

 

I want to say the solution about this problem.

First solution is the richest countries use energy less. and then much of remainder energy for porest countries. Second solution is we use energy wisely and clean, efficient, affordable, and reliable energy systems apply in the reality. These solutions apply in the reality during long time. but i think we can solve this problem.

Second, We development an alternative energy source. Example, hydroelectric energy, solar energy, nuclear energy anything else. and we make much of energy. But development an alternative energy is coast a lot of money. So UN help the development an alternative energy. and We make a lot of energy. We use energy by a wide margin. Richest contries can use energy and Developing contries can use energy. and If We don't help the Poorest contries. and It is big problem in the global economy. so we must help developing contries, and poorest contries.

 

United Nation's help

 

United Nation promote sustainable development. So, United Nation helps development an alternative energy source. In detail, the UN pay to alternative energy source. and UN have to energy supply wisely.

pp: What un have to do for global access to fair electricity service?

Posted by Grace Seo on August 22, 2015 at 2:55 AM Comments comments (0)

pp

 

Topic: What un have to do for global access to fair electricity service?

 

Electricity is very important to us. Electricity is used to agriculture, factory, and many times. But there are not many energy in the world because people use a lot of energy and electricity. So we should think the new way of producing energy.

I think the most serious problem is the 20% of the world’s richest countries use 86% of energy but 20% of world poorest countries only use 1.3% or maybe less energy. So I think the solution that UN can do it for people is first, give money to many poor countries in the world and who can't use energy. Then the poor people can use energy enough, and they will not hungry to use energy. And second solution is advice to many countries that make an effort to develop and use green energy. For example, there are solar energy, wind power generation, and hydroelectric power, etc. If UN advice like that and many countries use green energy, then people can use more energy than before. So the UN should advice and give money to poor country and people.

�?�?� The United Nations Development Program

Posted by Grace Seo on August 22, 2015 at 2:35 AM Comments comments (0)

The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) is UNDP는 이다.

a programme and fund of the United Nations UN의 프로그램과 펀드

which reports directly to ~에게 직접 보고하는

the Economic and Social Council and the UN General Assembly. ESC와 GA에

 

It's the main UN body 그것은 UN의 중요한 body이다.

that works in the area of development. 개발의 분야에서 일하는.

 

It was formed in 1965, and 그것은 1965년에 형성되었고,

its headquarter is in New York City. 그것은 뉴욕에 본부를 두고 있다

 

The UNDP promotes development UNDP는 발전을 촉진시킨다

in 177 countries by working 177개 나라가 일을 하며

to reduce poverty, 가난을 줄이고,

support democratic governance, 민주주의의 통치를 지지하고,

increase crisis prevention and recovery, 위기 예방과 회복을 증가시키고,

promote sustainable development, 지속 가능한 발전을 촉진시키고,

and achieve international development goals like the MDGs. 그리고 MDGs 같은 국제개발목표를 달성하다

 

In 2010, 2010년에,

the United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon UN 사무총장 반기문

launched a new initiative, “Sustainable Energy for All,” 새로운 계획 “모두를 위한 지속 가능한 에너지”를 시작했다

to mobilize urgent global action 긴급한 국제적인 행동을 동원하다

through the UN General Assembly resolution 65/151.

UN G.A 결의안 65/151을 통해

The initiatives gathers 결단력 모으기

the whole global community and the society 모든 세계적인 공동체와 사회

to support three interlinked goals: 지지하는 세 개의 연결된 목표들

- ensure universal access to modern energy service 전 에너지 서비스를 위한 세계적인 입장을 보장하다

- double the rate of improvement in energy efficiency 에너지 효율의 개선 속도를 2배로 한다

- double the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix 세계적인 에너지 조합의 재생 가능한 에너지의 나머지를 2배로 한다

 

Sustainable Energy tackles 지속 가능한 에너지와 노력하다

the usage of energy wisely and 현명한 에너지 사용법과

through clean sources and technologies. 과학기술과 깨끗한 자원들을 통해

 

It involves with the energy efficiency measures. 그것은 에너지 효율 방법과 관련시킨다

In the past, 과거엔,

sustainable energy used to be 지속 가능한 발전이 사용되어야 했다

thought of simply in the terms of the availability 간단한 가능성의 조건 안에 있는 생각

with respect to the rate of use. 사용 속도 존경과

 

But today, 하지만 오늘,

without any particular part of the world, 아무 세계의 특정한 부분이라도 빼고,

sustainable development includes 지속 가능한 발전을 포함하다

the concerns of environmental side effects and future impact. 환경 부작용과 미래 영향의 걱정

 

UNDP's Administrator, UNDP의 관리자,

and Former Prime Minister of New Zealand, 그리고 전 뉴질랜드의 수상

Mrs. Helen Clark, 헬렌 클락,

described 묘사했다

how the access to basic energy can transform many lives 기본적인 에너지를 많은 생물로 탈바꿈하는 것은 어떤 입장

in all countries of the world. 세계의 모든 나라 안

 

Energy is essential to 에너지는 요소를 이루다

the sustainable development and 지속 가능한 발전과

the poverty reduction efforts. 가난 축소 수고

 

It affects all aspects 이것은 모든 측면에 영향을 미친다

of social, economic, and environmental development – 사회, 경제, 그리고 환경 발전의

including livelihoods, 생계를 포함해,

access to water, 물의 접근(입장),

agricultural productivity, 농업 생산성,

health, 건강,

population levels, 인구 레벨,

education, and 교육, 그리고

even gender-related issues. 성 논란도

 

The inequality of energy consumption 에너지 소비의 불균등

is growing bigger and bigger. ~는 자라고 또 자라고 있다

 

The gap between rich country and poor country are very big. 부유한 나라와 가난한 나라 사이의 틈은 아주 크다.

20% of the world’s richest countries use 86% of energy. 세계의 상위 20% 나라가 에너지의 86%를 사용한다.

20% of world poorest countries only use 1.3% 세계의 하위 20% 나라는 오직 1.3%만 사용한다.

or maybe less energy. 아니면 더 적은 에너지를.

narrowing the gaps between rich and poor countries 부유한 나라와 가난한 나라 사이의 틈이 좁아지고 있다

if maintained, 만약 유지한다면,

could be the cause of violent conflict, 폭력 갈등의 이유가 될 수 있을 것 이다

which (by its very nature) leads to 이끄는 것

regression rather than development. 퇴보가 꽤 발전보다

 

None of the eight MDGs can be met 8개의 MDGs는 만날 수 있을 것이다

without the major improvement 거대한 향상을 빼고

in the quality of energy services 에너지 서비스의 질 안에

in developing countries. 발전하는 나라들 안에

 

She also said, 그녀는 또한 이렇게 말했다

“The UNDP's recent efforts UNDP의 최근 노력

in energy for sustainable development 지속 가능한 발전의 에너지 안에

support the achievement of ~의 업적을 지원하다

(1) Universal access to modern energy for the poor, and 전 세계적인 가난을 위한 현대 에너지의 입장과

(2) Enhanced quality, security and the ability to be afforded modern energy.”중대한 질, 보안과 현대 에너지의 여유가 되는 능력

UNDP’s mission helps developing countries UNDP의 임무는 발전하는 나라들을 도운다

to expand the access to 입장에 접근은 팽창하다

reliable and modern sources of energy 믿을 수 있고 에너지의 현대 자원들

in order to reduce poverty and 가난을 줄이기 위하고

to improve the health of their citizens. 그들의 시민들의 건강을 개선하다

But at the same time, 하지만 같은 시각에,

they are 그들은

promoting economic growth and 경제 성장률을 촉진하고 있고

lessening climate changes. 기후 변화를 줄이고 있다

Investing in ~에 투자하다

clean, efficient, affordable, and reliable energy systems 깨끗한, 능률적인, 줄 수 있는, 그리고 믿을 수 있는 에너지 기관들

is important ~는 중요하다

for a comfortable, environmentally sustainable future. 편하고 환경적으로 지속 가능한 미래를 위해

 

 

'Energy Sources: The Pros and Cons' summery

Posted by Grace Seo on August 22, 2015 at 2:25 AM Comments comments (0)

Coal is burned in many power plants to produce electricity. Fuels made from oil- such as gasoline, diesel fuel, and jet fuel- power our cars, trucks, and airplanes.

One of the main advantage of fossil fuels is that they are abundant-found in many places and in large amounts.

A special advantage of natural gas is that it burns very cleanly. When natural gas burns, it produces mostly carbon dioxide and water vapor.

Oil’s main advantage is that it burns efficiently. Also, the refining process that produces gasoline and diesel fuel produces other petroleum products used in crayons, bubble gum, eyeglasses, even artificial heart valves.

Many experts think that the world’s oil wells will be empty in a few decades. But, even before then, the oil supply will be too small to meet global demands.

Also, fossil fuels produce pollutants. Car, factories, and many power plants release harmful chemicals into the air. Since fossil fuels are burned, air pollution will continue to be a problem.

Another problem is called the greenhouse effect. Gases released from burning fossil fuels trap more heat in Earth’s atmosphere, this heating up of Earth’s atmosphere is called global worming.

Water is widely used to produce electricity. Water from the lake is released through the bottom of the dam. It passes through big machine called dam.

Dams prevent flooding by storing the water from heavy rain and snowmelt, and gradually releasing it later.

But dams block the route for fish that swim up and down rivers.

To capture the Sun’s energy, scientists have developed solar cells, called photovoltaic cells. These cells convert sunlight into electricity. Since the Sun sends abundant free energy streaming toward Earth 24 hours a day, people in many parts of world, not just the sunniest places, have mounted solar cells and solar panels on the roofs of their houses or businesses to lower their energy costs.

There are two problems with solar cells. One is that they are very expensive to manufacture. The second problem is that not all areas of the world get abundant sunlight.

Nuclear power plants unlock the energy inside atoms to generate electricity. An atomic bomb explodes by creating a very rapid chain reaction.

Uranium releases an incredible amount of energy. One kilogram of uranium can produce more energy than 3 million kilograms of coal.

It can have a steam explosion if the core gets too hot. This would spew out a lot of dangerous radiation.

Many people are concerned about the environmental effects of dams and would like to see many dams torn down. The use of solar energy will probably continue to grow. Energy experts also say that more nuclear power plants will have to be built to meet growing energy needs.

Wind turbines generate electricity when their blades turn in the wind. The turbines require no fuel and don’t create pollution, but they are huge and can kill local birds.

We need energy, and fossil fuels that supply most of our energy will not last forever. Finding renewable alternatives is key to the world’s energy future.

 

Essay on Aug 19

Posted by Tina on August 22, 2015 at 12:50 AM Comments comments (0)

Title: What would you do if everyone in your family forgot your birthday?

 

I think I will just say nothing. Because it’s very embarrassing, and very sad. So I will say nothing, and just wait that my mom will think of my birthday. But I think that my parents wouldn’t forget my birthday. Because I am their daughter, and they love me. Also when they think that they forgot my birthday, then they will feel guilty. Also I think they can’t forget my birthday. Because I always wait my birthday week before. I say to my mom and dad “next day, next week is my birthday!” So my mom and dad won’t forget it.

Also, I say to my mom that “mom! Let’s go buy cake!!” in my birthday. So when I forget my birthday, than there is no birthday. I think my mom and dad really loves me, so she won’t forget my birthday. And I always tell to my parents that I want to get OOO for birthday present. So my mom needs to buy it. Because of that, she need to buy my cake, and every kind of by birthday present.

So in conclusion, I think I will say nothing when my mom and dad forgets my birthday, but I know that there will be no situation like that.

word assay

Posted by phil on August 21, 2015 at 6:30 AM Comments comments (0)

today I will talk about MUN. first I will tell you PCL MUN entity mandate. second, our history, third my develop history. at last what I learn in here.

 

Today, I will talk about 'Model United Nations (MUN)'. The first thing I will tell you is the entity mandate(?) of 'Presbyterian Chruch of the Lord (PCL) MUN' entity mandate, the second, our history, the third improvement in my English skills. And the last one what I have learned here.

 

first our mandate is ‘be a God workman ship. so we do this MUN for this.

The first mandate of MUN is ‘To be a God workmanship. So, we do this for MUN.

God workmanship

 

second first the MUN started by doctor seen. he was a professor. All of the members complied with him. He is a wonderful person. But, he wanted MUN named as Villdume. but it have to be PCL. it is out church name.

The second thing is the history of PCL MUN. This was made by Doctor Shin. He was a professor. All of the members complied with him. He is a wonderful person. But, he wanted MUN named as 'Villadume'(?). However, it had to be left as PCL MUN, because PCL is out church name.

 

third I develop very fastly by the MUN. I can speak assay directly. also I can do a debate very well.

The third thing that I want to talk is about improvements in my English. My skills are grown up very fast during many activities of MUN. I can write and speak essay well. And I also can participate in debates on various topics very well.

 

fourth we have not much time for achieving . so we have to study effectively and efficient for prevention and utilizes for speak in UN. ‘ the UN help reducing poverty country. they save from crisis. also they help by assistance or coordinate.

We don't have enough time for achieving many things. So, we have to study effectively and efficiently to speak in the UN next year. The UN can help to reduce the number of poor countries. They will save many countries in crisis by assistance and coordination among many developed countries.

PP-sustainable energy for all

Posted by LEE JUNE MO on August 20, 2015 at 10:20 AM Comments comments (0)

PCL Model United Nations

By June mo Lee

 

People’s Republic of China

Permanent representatives to the United Nations

 

Topic: Sustainable Energy For All

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

 

Lots of undeveloped countries on the situation that is very bad to get energy. which is called to energy poor. Most of undeveloped countries people is suffer from poverty, and hunger because of energy poor. UN Secretary General decided to realize ‘Sustainable Energy For All’, to help undeveloped countries and meet the MDGs in that countries.

This country believes that the world’s developed countries should provide the technology of sustainable energy and help them to build stable energy system to undeveloped countries.

The people’s republic of china is very related with energy poor. This country conduct researches on Energy Systems and sustainable energy. National Development and Reform Commission and many energy developing Five-year Plan always consider and solve the problems of energy systems and sustainable energy. According to experience that providing energy to 14 billion people, this delegate would like to suggest solution.

China still invest 12 billion dollars to develop renewable energy after Rio+20. Also, China participate on many summit and conferences.

As the country which contribute very well on sustainable energy part, This delegate would like to give a policies. That is establishing a international organism to control the whole process of helping undeveloped country. Gather all developed countries’ sustainable energy technique and transfer it to undeveloped country. That can improve the quality of the technique and make the time of process more quickly. It can achieve the original goals of ‘sustainable energy for all’ because of its controling power.

The first china’s five year energy plan was failed. There was not any central control tower. That thing caused no progress, and making chaos. After that China awake, central controling system is very important part of long term project. And, with that controling system China successfully complete many international and long term project. According to this experience, this policy will be succeed.

According to the HRC, many people suffer from hunger and poverty because of energy poor. So we have to make them to use sustainable energy to save them. The world have to make them to extricate form the poverty but, we should make them to solve it forever and by themselves. So we should use this policy world widely. For conclusion, I would like to ask other countries to cooperate with this country.

 

Thank you

#11

Posted by Ian on August 19, 2015 at 7:05 AM Comments comments (0)

 


My birthday is March 31st. And that is my Korean birthday and my American birthday is March 30th. The reason is because I was born in U.S. and America and Korea’s time difference is about 12 hours. Though I have two birthdays, my parents never forget my birthdays. Though they sometimes give present that I think its lame, I am thankful for at least letting me to eat my birthday cake.

The birthday that I really hated was birthday 9th birthday. The reason was the birthday cake was only a slice of cake. I got really mad for it. I thought it was okay for not giving the present, but I didn’t like the cake. It was just a slice of a cake and we had to share it with 5 people: Grandpa, Grandma, mom, Ava, and me. Though we didn’t have much money because it was only 4 days later we went to Singapore, we had enough money to buy at least a small cake. I was really mad that I never tasted that cake. I think I cried for like 30 minutes. But nobody forgot my birthday as long as I remember.

 

Questions for Essays 11-20

Posted by Ian's mom on August 12, 2015 at 12:30 AM Comments comments (0)

These are questions 11 to 20 from the book, The Kids’ Book of Questions (Dare to Ask!), by Gregory Stock, Ph.D.

Please select one question from below for your essays. Every Monday is essay-writing and sharing day and it is recommended for your essays to be at least 500 words long.

• What would you do if everyone in your family forgot your birthday?

• When you find yourself sitting in front of awful-tasting food that you’re supposed to eat, what’s your best trick for getting rid of it without getting caught?

• If you were alone and had only a few minutes to hide from crooks who were about to break into your house, where would you hide? What is the best hiding place in your house

• Some adults have a lot of trouble enjoying themselves. If you were asked to give them some advice about how to play and have more fun, what would you say?

• Is there any particular moment in your past you wish had been captured on video? Would you like to have more videos and photos from when you were younger?

• Who do you dislike the most? What is the best thing about that person?

• How would you act differently if you had a younger sister who idolized you and tried to copy everything you did? What things do you think your parents do only because they want to set an example for you? Do you think they have done things they won’t tell you about because they’re worried you might try to copy them?

• If you could be invisible for a day, what would you do?

• When did you get yourself in the biggest mess by telling a lie? What do you think would have happened if you’d told the truth?

• If you could choose any bedtime you wanted for the next year, what time would you pick?

KIMUN WORKSHOP ?????

Posted by Grace Seo on August 10, 2015 at 9:00 AM Comments comments (0)

ROP

1. Roll Call 출석 체크, 2/3만 오면 됨

2. Agenda setting 주제는 1개이기 때문에 거의 하지 않음

3. General Speaker’s list 횟수 제한 없음

     1) yield back to chair 의자로 가기

     2) yield to another delegate 다른 나라에게 양보해주기

     3) yield to point of information(P.O.I)

4. Suspend the 1 moderated caucus

Meeting for 2 unmoderated caucus

    1) duration

    2) purpose

    3) individual speak time

5. Motion to adjourn session 점심시간

6. Motion to introduce resolution

    1) agreement 합의

    2) write 결의안 쓰기

    3) confirm 확인 받기

7. Motion to introduce amendment 결의안 소개하기

8. Close debate 만약 반대하는 사람이 있다면 두 사람이 60초 동안 자신의 의견을 말한다

9. Adjourn the meeting 1/2이 찬성하면 회의는 끝남


**SC에서 상임이사국 중 한나라라도 결의안을 반대하면 결의안은 통과되지 못함

 

Tips about research

1) 육하원칙

2) wikipedia 사용x 신빙성 없음

3)처음 UN을 조사하는 사람에게는 GA 추천

#18

Posted by Ian on August 10, 2015 at 8:00 AM Comments comments (0)

#18 If you could be invisible for a day, what would you do?

 I kind of daydream a lot about being invisible. Maybe in New York Times, there will be “IAN THE KOREAN BOY BECOMES INVISIBLE.” So I thought of this thing a lot even in my normal life. Not like this time talking about being invisible. Who know one day I can also be like flat Stanley who becomes invisible. I would like to be called “IAN THE INVISIBLE.”

 I like making people freak out. I like making people freak out in any way. Unlike my grandma my sister and my dad likes to be freaked out. My grandma thinks that your life gets shorter if you freak out. But that is different than what I think. In amusement park, there are so many play systems that are so scary that people shout. Like rollercoaster. Though it is scary a lot people likes riding on it. That doesn’t make life shorter. A lot of old people say things that are not right because they read too much magazines of gossips from citizens.

 Most people will say “쟤도 보나 마나 게임 하는 것이겠지,” but me? Nope. As I said in front, I like freaking people out. So I would first get up before mom and dad wakes up. Then I will make a huge noise. Probably my parents will say “조용이 해라” in their half asleep voice, but I won’t stop it until they get up and find things moving by it selves. If they faint, than I wouldn’t want to be invisible for another day. If everything goes in my way then I would really want to be invisible for another day.

 


Jordan PP#1, PP#2

Posted by [email protected] on August 10, 2015 at 5:35 AM Comments comments (0)

This delegate of Jordan strongly believes that Jordan has almost the same situation as the African countries.

As everyone knows, safe and readily available water is important for public health, whether it is used for drinking, domestic use, food production or recreational purposes.

Improved water supply and sanitation, and better management of water resources, can boost countries' economic growth and can contribute greatly to poverty reduction.

Right now, Jordan is having limited natural freshwater resources, considered as one of the ten most water scarce countries in the world.

The country's major surface water resources, the Jordan River and the Yarmouk River, are shared with Israel and Syria who leave only a small amount for Jordan.

Despite Jordan's severe water scarcity, more than 97% of Jordanians have access to an improved water source.

But, the problem is that they only have a chance to be accessed ONCE A WEEK, which means Jordanians have to live on 4 to 5 days of being accessed to water out of 30 to 31 days in a month.

This is a big problem in Jordan, because since Jordan is located the Middle East, Jordanians consume big amount of water, and that causes them to be in a state of not having enough water easily when they have access of it once a week.

THANK YOU.

--------------------------------

Good afternoon.
This is the delegate of Jordan, and she will be talking about the causes of this problem and the needs of it.
This delegate strongly believes that more than the location of the African countries, the development of those countries are important.
As everyone is aware of it, the African countries are not really developed, are in an unfortunate location where it is near the Equator, and the citizens are not educated well.
Because of that, we can say the African countries are in a bad status. Their agriculture is also not developed, so they are poorer than ever, without clean water, too.
If they were able ti buy water with the help of the African countries' economic system plus their economy status would have been better.
As it is noticed in the Goal 7 of the MDGs and the Goal 6 of the SDGs, this delegate of Jordan believes that this is a serious problem of the African countries and need a lot of interest.

Jordan Country Research

Posted by [email protected] on August 10, 2015 at 5:35 AM Comments comments (0)

GETTING TO KNOW YOUR COUNTRY

 

HANDOUT D: GETTING TO KNOW YOUR COUNTRY

 

Government

Official country name: Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan

Governmental system: constitutional monarchy

Head of state: King Abdullah II

Official languages: Arabic, English

Region: Western Asia, Middle East

Allies or blocs:

People

Population and growth rate: 8,117,564/0.83% (2015 est.)

Major religions or cultures: Muslim 97.2%, Christian 2.2%, Buddhist 0.4%, Hindu 0.1%, (Jewish, folk religion, unaffiliated, other: less than 1%) (2010 est.)

Standard of living: bad

 

Development

Development status: undeveloped

Climate: mostly arid desert; rainy season in west (November to April)

Environment (problems, innovations, etc.):

limited natural freshwater resources; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification

Has this nation met the Millennium Development Goal targets?

Unknown

Economy

Economic system:

GDP and growth rate: $79.62 billion (2014 est.)/3.1% (2014 est.)

Major cities: Amman, Zarqa, Irbid

Infrastructure status (good, poor, etc.):

poor

Trade blocs/associations:

WTO, United States, EU

 

Balance of payments/trade:

Major exports/imports:

clothing, fertilizers, potash, phosphates, vegetables, pharmaceuticals/crude oil, refined petroleum products, machinery, transport equipment, iron, cereals

Major trade partners:

Iraq, US, Saudi Arabia, India, UAE, China, Italy

International Monetary Fund, World Bank positions (debtor nation? donor nation?):

debtor nation: $532.9 million (31 December 2014 est.)

Natural resources: phosphates, potash, shale oil

 

Energy sources:

Wind energy, Solar energy, Coal, Natural Gas, Oil

Military

Military organization: Jordanian Armed Forces (JAF): Royal Jordanian Land Force (RJLF), Royal Jordanian Navy, Royal Jordanian Air Force, Special Operations Command (Socom); Public Security Directorate

Percent of GDP spent on defense: 4.65% of GDP (2012)

Major weapons, nuclear capability, etc.: tanks, tank destroyers, machine guns, rifles, etc.

GETTING TO KNOW YOUR COUNTRY

 

United Nations

Date admitted to UN: December 14th, 1955

UN dues payment status: Late (until July)

Has the UN ever intervened in a conflict involving this nation? If so, where and how?

Yes/in Jordan

UN went to Jordan and talked to Jordan and Syria

How does the country contribute to UN peacekeeping?

They pay the UN fees

Not participating in wars

Has the UN cited this nation for human rights violations? If so, why?

No.

What do you think this nation’s position on the topic of debate will be? Why?

Being Given enough fresh water to drink

____________________________________________

Try to find at least one recent article that is about or makes reference to this nation (preferably from the past two weeks).

Conflicts/Issues

What are four problems that affect this nation?

- limited natural freshwater resources

- deforestation; overgrazing

- soil erosion

- desertification

Ethnic/cultural issues, if any:

None

Refugee problems:

Too many refugees

Major conflicts both past and present:

limited freshwater resources

Country research---South Africa

Posted by LEE JUNE MO on August 5, 2015 at 9:40 AM Comments comments (0)

 

Getting to know your country

Handout D: Getting to Know your Country

Government

Official country name: Republic of South Africa

Governmental system: Unitary constitutional parliamentary republic (단일 국가 의원 내각제 가미 대통령제 공화국;)

Head of state: President Jacob ZUMA

Official languages: IsiZulu (official) 22.7%, IsiXhosa (official) 16%, Afrikaans (official) 13.5%, English (official) 9.6%, Sepedi (official) 9.1%, Setswana (official) 8%, Sesotho (official) 7.6%, Xitsonga (official) 4.5%, siSwati (official) 2.5%, Tshivenda (official) 2.4%, isiNdebele (official) 2.1%, sign language 0.5%, other 1.6% (2011 est.)

Region: Southern Africa

Allies or blocs: Allies: US, UK, China, Japan, EU

Blocs: SADC, African Union, NEPAD, Pan-African Parliament, AASROC, IBSA, BRICs,

 

People

Population and growth rate: 53,675,563 / 1.33% (2015 est.)

Major religions or cultures: Protestant 36.6% (Zionist Christian 11.1%, Pentecostal/Charismatic 8.2%, Methodist 6.8%, Dutch Reformed 6.7%, Anglican 3.8%), Catholic 7.1%, Muslim 1.5%, other Christian 36%, other 2.3%, unspecified 1.4%, none 15.1% (2001 census)

Standard of living: Normal

 

Development

Development status: Normal

Climate : semiarid climate(반건조 기후;)

Environment(problems, innovations, etc) : lack of important arterial rivers or lakes requires extensive water conservation and control measures, growth in water usage outpacing supply, pollution of rivers from agricultural runoff and urban discharge, air pollution resulting in acid rain; soil erosion, desertification

Has this nation met the Millennium Development Goal targets? They succeed the eighth goal (8.To develop a global partnership for development)

 

Economy

Economic system: The market Economy

GDP and growth rate: $350.1 billion (2014 est.) / 1.5% (2014 est.)

Major cities: Pretoria (administrative capital); Cape Town (legislative capital); Bloemfontein (judicial capital)

Johannesburg(Largest City)

Infrastructure status(good, poor, etc): Normal

Trade blocs/associations: Blocs{ $ bloc }

Associations: SADC, NEPAD, etc

Balance of payments/trade: -$19.06 billion (2014 est.)

Major exports/imports

Exports: gold, diamonds, platinum, other metals and minerals, machinery and equipment

Imports: machinery and equipment, chemicals, petroleum products, scientific instruments, foodstuffs

Major trade partners

China, Germany, Saudi Arabia, US, India, Japan

International monetary Fund, World bank positions

(debtor nation? donor nation?)

debtor nation - $143 billion (31 December 2014 est.)

Natural resources

gold, chromium, antimony, coal, iron ore, manganese, nickel, phosphates, tin, rare earth elements, uranium, gem diamonds, platinum, copper, vanadium, salt, natural gas

Energy sources

from fossil fuels: 90.4%

from nuclear fuels: 4.4%

from hydroelectric plants: 4.5%

from other renewable sources: 0.7%

Military

Military organization: South African National Defense Force

Percent of GDP spent of defense: 1.2% of GDP (2014)

Major weapons, nuclear capability, etc

conventional weapons

 

 

 

Getting to know your country

United Nations

Date admitted to UN: 7th of 11, 1945

UN des payment status: 0.372%

Has the Un ever intervened in a conflict involving this nation? If so, where and how?

Yes, Because of the apartheid.

How does the country contribute to UN peacekeeping?

They sen their army to contribute to UN peacekeeping

Has the UN cited this nation for human rights violations?

If so, why?

Yes, Because of the apartheid

What do you think this nation's position on the topic of debate will be? Why?

N/A

Try to find at least one recent article that is about or makes reference to this nation (preferably from the past two weeks).

South Africa's police boss Phiyega disputes Marikana massacre report

http://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-33679481

 

 

Conflicts/Issues

What are four problems that affect this nation?

desertification

racial discrimination

spreading of AIDS/HIV

many refugees

Ethnic/cultural issues, If any

racial discrimination

Refugee problems

40,133 (Somalia); 30,125 (Democratic Republic of Congo); 18,830 (Ethiopia); 6,217 (Zimbabwe); 6,035 (Republic of Congo) (2014)

Major conflicts both past and present

spreading of AIDS/HIV

 

 

 

 

UNESCO reserch

Posted by LEE JUNE MO on August 3, 2015 at 11:25 PM Comments comments (0)

UNESCO

 

Official organization’s name: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization

(유엔 교육 과학 문화 기구;)

Formation: 16 November 1945

 

Type: Specialized agency(전문 기구;)

 

Legal status: Active

 

Headquarters: Place de Fontenoy, Paris, France

(퐁뜨누와 궁전;), 7 Place de Fontenoy 75007 Paris

Membership: 195 member states

 

Head: Irina Bokova (Director-General of UNESCO)

 

Call: +33 1 45 68 10 00

 

Website: www.unesco.org

 

The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)

is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN). The organization was created as the successor to the League of Nations’ International Committee on Intellectual Cooperation. Formed on November 4, 1946, its creation was based on the belief that

political and economic agreements were not sufficient to achieve a long-lasting state of peace in the international community. The organization looked to create a more holistic sense of peace by addressing moral and intellectual solidarity as well. The organization currently has 195 member states, and nine associate members. UNESCO’s mandate is responsible for “raising awareness of the cross-cutting nature of gender dimensions in social, economic, scientific, cultural, and educational fields.” The Organization strives to achieve gender equality, and also monitors the implementation and development of internationally recognized goals in the fields mentioned above.

 

UNESCO’s actions are conducted through separating each of its activities into five separate program areas (Education, Natural Sciences, Social and Human Sciences, Culture, and Communication and Information). It has projects in cultural and scientific cultural fields like the International Network of Geoparks and the Biosphere reserves. It promotes “the free flow of ideas” by means of freedom of expression, press, and creating programs such as the International Program for the Development of Communication. It serves as an advocacy organization, promoting events to educate, and push through more globalized knowledge of some of the world’s most pressing issues. They do this in many different ways. UNESCO has been called the “intellectual wing” of the UN, and as such its importance is integral to the Charter of the UN.

 

 

UNESCO

공식기관명칭: 유엔 교육 과학 문화 기구

 

설립일: 1945년 11월 16일

 

형태: 전문 기구

 

활동 여부: 활동

 

본부: 프랑스 파리 퐁뜨누와 궁전 (7 Place de Fontenoy 75007 Paris)

 

회원국: 195개

 

수장: 이리나 보코바 (총재;)

 

전화번호: +33 1 45 68 10 00

 

누리집 주소: www.unesco.org

 

국제 연합 교육 과학 문화기구 (UNESCO)는 국제 연합 (UN)의 전문 기관입니다. 조직은 국제 연맹의 지적 협력에 관한 위원회의 계승 조직으로 만들어졌습니다. 1946년 11월 4일에, 세계의 정치적, 경제적 합의 ‘국제 사회는 평화가 오래 지속되는 상태를 달성하기에 충분한 여력이 없다’에 의거하여서 설립되었습니다. 유네스코는 유네스코뿐만 아니라 다른 부속 기구를 결성하여서 평화를 더 잘 확보하고 유지시킬 수 있는 기구로 전망되었습니다. 조직은 현재 195 개 회원국, 9 준회원이 있습니다. 유네스코가 담당하는 임무는 사회, 경제, 과학, 문화, 교육 분야에서 성 관련 분양의 문제를 근절하고 그것에 대한 더 높은 차원의 인식을 갖도록 하는 것입니다. 기구는 국제적으로 양성평등을 실시하려고 노력하고, 또한 국제적으로 비준된 개발 목표도 실행합니다.

 

유네스코의 행동은 다섯 별도의 프로그램 영역 (교육, 자연 과학, 사회 및 인간 과학, 문화, 소통 및 정보;)의 활동을 각각 분리하여 실시하고 있습니다. 유네스코는 문화와 과학 분야에서 국제 지질 공원 네트워크와 생물권 보호구역을 구축하는 계획을 갖고 있습니다. 유네스코는 소통 및 정보 분야에서 표현, 언론 및 통신의 개발을 위해서 국제 활동과 계획을 만드는 등 생각의 자유로운 흐름을 목표로 하고 있습니다. 또한, 유네스코는 기본적인 교육의 제공을 세계에서 가장 시급한 문제로 두고 있습니다. 이렇듯 유네스코는 여러 분야에서 각각의 중요한 목표를 위해서 다양하게 활동하고 있습니다. 유엔 헌장은 유네스코가 실시하는 여러 지적 분야의 활동을 매우 높이 평가하여서 유네스코를 지혜의 날개라고 표현했고 매우 중요한 기구라고 명명하였습니다.

UNESCO Research

Posted by Sua Shin on August 3, 2015 at 9:05 AM Comments comments (1)

Abbreviation: UNESCO Formation: November 16 1945 Type: Specialized agency Legal status: Active Headquarters: Place de Fontenoy, Paris, France Membership: 195 member states Head: Irina Bokova Director-General of UNESCO The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization is a specialized agency of theUnited Nations (UN). Its purpose is to contribute to peace and security by promoting international collaboration through education, science, and culture in order to further universal respect for justice, the rule of law, and human rights along with fundamental freedom proclaimed in theUnited Nations Charter. It is the heir of the League of Nations' International Committee on Intellectual Cooperation. UNESCO has 195 member states and nine associate members. Most of its field offices are "cluster" offices covering three or more countries; there are also national and regional offices. UNESCO pursues its objectives through five major programs: education, natural sciences, social/human sciences, culture, and communication/information. Projects sponsored by UNESCO include literacy, technical, and teacher-training programmes; international science programmes; the promotion of independent media andfreedom of the press; regional and cultural history projects; the promotion of cultural diversity; translations of world literature; international cooperation agreements to secure the world cultural and natural heritage (World Heritage Sites) and to preserve human rights, and attempts to bridge the worldwide digital divide. It is also a member of the United Nations Development Group. UNESCO's aim is "to contribute to the building of peace, the eradication of poverty,sustainable development and intercultural dialogue through education, the sciences, culture, communication and information".Other priorities of the organization include attaining quality Education For All andlifelong learning, addressing emerging social and ethical challenges, fostering cultural diversity, a culture of peace and building inclusive knowledge societies through information and communication. The broad goals and concrete objectives of the international community ??? as set out in the internationally agreed development goals, including the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) ??? underpin all UNESCO's strategies and activities.


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